Research

Research Briefs

The VL2 center publishes research briefs as a resource for educators and parents. The goal is to inform the education community of research findings, to summarize relevant scholarship, and, in the form of practice guides, to present recommendations that educators and parents can use when addressing the multifaceted challenges of educating deaf and hard of hearing children.

Research Briefs in English

Research Brief 1: The Importance of Fingerspelling for Reading
Research Brief 1: The Importance of Fingerspelling for Reading  Download PDF (6437KB)
This VL2 research brief, written by Sharon Baker, Ed.D., focuses on the importance of fingerspelling for reading. This also comes with three appendices for instructional guidance. (July 2010, Rev.) If you want to cite this brief: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2010, July). The Importance of Fingerspelling for Reading. (Research Brief No. 1). Washington, DC: Sharon Baker.
Research Brief 2: Advantages of Early Visual Language
Research Brief 2: Advantages of Early Visual Language  Download PDF (5715KB)
This VL2 research brief, written by Sharon Baker, Ed.D., discusses the importance of early ASL acquisition shows in deaf children's cognitive development and literacy skills. (January 2011) If you want to cite this publication: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2011, January). Advantages of Early Visual Language (Research Brief No. 2). Washington, DC: Sharon Baker.
Research Brief 3: Visual Attention and Deafness
Research Brief 3: Visual Attention and Deafness  Download PDF (2156KB)
This VL2 research brief, written by Elizabeth Hirshorn, Ph.D. Candidate, explains that deafness leads to changes in visual attention, especially the periphery, as evident in the brain. Changes in visual attention can have implications for reading and classroom environment. (May 2011) If you want to cite this publication: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2011, May). Advantages of Early Visual Language (Research Brief No. 3). Washington, DC: Elizabeth Hirshorn.
Research Brief 4: Reading and Deaf Children
Research Brief 4: Reading and Deaf Children  Download PDF (799KB)
This research brief, written by VL2's Early Education Longitudinal Study (EELS) co-PI and Gallaudet University Professor Donna Morere, provides an overview of the research related to deaf children and reading. To cite this brief: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2011, June). Reading Research and Deaf Children (Research Brief No. 4). Washington, D.C.: Donna Morere.
Research Brief 5: Eye Gaze and Joint Attention
Research Brief 5: Eye Gaze and Joint Attention  Download PDF (927KB)
This research brief, written by Amy Lieberman, PhD, provides an overview of the importance of eye gaze and joint attention in language acquisition. To cite this brief: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2012, June). Eye Gaze and Joint Attention (Research Brief No. 5). Washington, DC: Amy M. Lieberman.
Research Brief 6: Children with Cochlear Implants
Research Brief 6: Children with Cochlear Implants  Download PDF (2487KB)
Full title of Research Brief No. 6 is as follows: The Implications of Bimodal Bilingual Approaches for Children with Cochlear Implants. This brief is done in a collaboration with Clerc Center, at Gallaudet University. To cite this brief: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2012, June). The Implications of Bimodal Bilingual Approaches for Children with Cochlear Implants (Research Brief No. 6). Washington, DC: Julie Mitchiner, Debra Berlin Nussbaum, and Susanne Scott.
Research Brief 7: The Benefits of Bilingualism
Research Brief 7: The Benefits of Bilingualism  Download PDF (1010KB)
This research brief, written by Sarah Fish, PhD Candidate and Jill Morford, PhD, explains the various benefits of bilingualism. To cite this brief: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2012, June). The Benefits of Bilingualism (Research Brief No. 7). Washington, DC: Sarah Fish and Jill P. Morford.
Research Brief 8: ASL/English Bilingual Education
Research Brief 8: ASL/English Bilingual Education  Download PDF (1149KB)
This research brief, written by Maribel Garate, PhD, outlines models, methodologies, and strategies of ASL/English Bilingual Education. This brief is done in collaboration with Gallaudet University's Department of Education. To cite this brief: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2012, June). ASL/English Bilingual Education (Research Brief No. 8). Washington, DC: Maribel Gárate.
Research Brief 9: Family Involvement in ASL Acquisition
Research Brief 9: Family Involvement in ASL Acquisition  Download PDF (740KB)
This research brief, written by Charlotte Enns, PhD and Liana Price, M.Ed. Candidate, discusses how parental involvement is a critical factor in deaf children's language acquisition. To cite this brief: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2013, June). Family Involvement in ASL Acquisition. (Research Brief No. 9). Washington, DC: Charlotte Enns and Liana Price.
Research Brief 10: Different Ways of Thinking
Research Brief 10: Different Ways of Thinking  Download PDF (3195KB)
This research brief, written by So-One Hwang, Ph.D., Melissa Herzig, Ed.D., and Carol Padden, Ph.D., discusses the critical role that gesture plays in language acquisition. To cite this brief: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2013, June). Different Ways of Thinking: The Importance of Gesture in Child Development. (Research Brief No. 10). Washington, DC: So-One Hwang, Melissa Herzig, and Carol Padden.
Research Brief 11: Raising the Whole Child
Research Brief 11: Raising the Whole Child  Download PDF (7296KB)
This VL2 research brief, by Drs. Linda Lytle and Gina Oliva, reviews the research on social-emotional development in children from birth to 12th grade, particularly focusing on deaf and hard of hearing children. The brief includes recommendations for parents and educators on how to support the deaf child's social and emotional development in order to lay the foundations for future social, academic, and life success. To cite this brief: Visual Language and Visual Learning Science of Learning Center. (2016, April). Raising the Whole Child: Addressing Social-Emotional Development in Deaf Children. (Research Brief No. 11). Washington, DC: Linda Risser Lytle & Gina A. Oliva.

Research Briefs in Mandarin

研究简报 1: 手势拼写对阅读的重要性
研究简报 1: 手势拼写对阅读的重要性  Download PDF (6630KB)
Research Brief 1 in Mandarin: The Importance of Fingerspelling for Reading.
研究简报 2: 早期视觉语言的优势
研究简报 2: 早期视觉语言的优势  Download PDF (6055KB)
Research Brief 2 in Mandarin: Advantages of Early Visual Language
研究简报 3: 视觉注意力和耳聋
研究简报 3: 视觉注意力和耳聋  Download PDF (2288KB)
Research Brief 3 in Mandarin: Visual Attention and Deafness
研究简报 4: 阅读研究和耳聋儿童
研究简报 4: 阅读研究和耳聋儿童  Download PDF (974KB)
Research Brief 4 in Mandarin: Reading and Deaf Children
研究简报 5: 目光和共同关注
研究简报 5: 目光和共同关注  Download PDF (650KB)
Research Brief 5 in Mandarin: Eye Gaze and Joint Attention
研究简报 6: 双峰双语方法对植入人工耳蜗的儿童的影响
研究简报 6: 双峰双语方法对植入人工耳蜗的儿童的影响  Download PDF (847KB)
Research Brief 6 in Mandarin: Children with Cochlear Implants
研究简报 7: 双语体制的好处
研究简报 7: 双语体制的好处  Download PDF (461KB)
Research Brief 7 in Mandarin: The Benefits of Bilingualism
研究简报 8: ASL/英语双语教育
研究简报 8: ASL/英语双语教育  Download PDF (753KB)
Research Brief 8 in Mandarin: ASL/English Bilingual Education

Research Briefs in Spanish

Nota de Investigación 1: La Importancia Del Deletreo Manual Para La Lectura
Nota de Investigación 1: La Importancia Del Deletreo Manual Para La Lectura  Download PDF (6565KB)
Research Brief 1 in Spanish: The Importance of Fingerspelling for Reading
Nota de Investigación 2: Ventajas Del Lenguaje Visual Temprano
Nota de Investigación 2: Ventajas Del Lenguaje Visual Temprano  Download PDF (5998KB)
Research Brief 2 in Spanish: Advantages of Early Visual Language
Nota de Investigación 3: Atencion Visual Y Sordera
Nota de Investigación 3: Atencion Visual Y Sordera  Download PDF (2236KB)
Research Brief 3 in Spanish: Visual Attention and Deafness
Nota de Investigación 5: Mirada Sostenida y Atencion Contjuta
Nota de Investigación 5: Mirada Sostenida y Atencion Contjuta  Download PDF (437KB)
Research Brief 5 in Spanish: Eye Gaze and Joint Attention
Nota de Investigación 6: Las Implicaciones de los Enfoques Bimodales Bilingües Para Niños Con Implantes Cocleares.
Nota de Investigación 6: Las Implicaciones de los Enfoques Bimodales Bilingües Para Niños Con Implantes Cocleares.  Download PDF (602KB)
Research Brief 6 in Spanish: The Implications of Bimodal Bilingual Approaches for Children with Cochlear Implants.
Nota de Investigación 7: Los Beneficios del Bilingüismo
Nota de Investigación 7: Los Beneficios del Bilingüismo  Download PDF (3056KB)
Research Brief 7 in Spanish: The Benefits of Bilingualism
Nota de Investigación 8: Educación Bilingüe ASL/Inglés
Nota de Investigación 8: Educación Bilingüe ASL/Inglés  Download PDF (1528KB)
Research Brief 8 in Spanish: ASL/English Bilingual Education